Wine – installing the latest version on Ubuntu/Linux mint/Debian/Fedora

установить wine

Wine (originally abbreviated as “Wine Is Not the Emulator”) is a compatibility level that allows you to run Windows applications on several POSIX-compatible operating systems, such as Linux, macOS, and BSD. Instead of mimicking the internal logic of Windows, such as a virtual machine or emulator, Wine translates Windows API calls into POSIX calls on the fly, eliminating the loss of performance and memory of other methods and allowing neat integration of Windows applications into the desktop.

Some users who switched from the Windows operating system, until the end, and can’t get used to the fact that Linux does not have “exe” files. Therefore, I decided to nevertheless write instructions for installing wine, and its initial configuration.

But first, I want to note some points

The WineHQ storage key was changed on 12/19/2018. If you downloaded and added the key before this time, you will need to download and add a new key and run the sudo apt update command to accept the repository changes.

Starting with Wine 4.5, the wine-devel and wine-staging packages require libfaudio0 as a dependency. Starting with Wine 5.0.0, Wine-stable packages will also require this. FAudio packages can be downloaded from OBS for Ubuntu 18.04. (FAudio packages for Ubuntu 19.10 and later are in the distribution repository.)

If you want to add an OBS repository to your system and not have problems with dependencies, enter the following commands in the terminal
For those who want to add an OBS repository, and not just download and install locally:

Debian 10:

wget -nc https://download.opensuse.org/repositories/Emulators:/Wine:/Debian/Debian_10/Release.key

sudo apt-key add Release.key

deb https://download.opensuse.org/repositories/Emulators:/Wine:/Debian/Debian_10 ./

sudo apt update

Ubuntu 20.04

wget -nc https://download.opensuse.org/repositories/Emulators:/Wine:/Debian/xUbuntu_20.04/Release.key

sudo apt-key add Release.key

sudo apt-add-repository 'deb https://download.opensuse.org/repositories/Emulators:/Wine:/Debian/xUbuntu_20.04 ./'

sudo apt update

Ubuntu 19.04

wget -nc https://download.opensuse.org/repositories/Emulators:/Wine:/Debian/xUbuntu_19.04/Release.key

sudo apt-key add Release.key

sudo apt-add-repository 'deb https://download.opensuse.org/repositories/Emulators:/Wine:/Debian/xUbuntu_19.04 ./'

sudo apt update

Ubuntu 18.04:

wget -nc https://download.opensuse.org/repositories/Emulators:/Wine:/Debian/xUbuntu_18.04/Release.key

sudo apt-key add Release.key

sudo apt-add-repository 'deb https://download.opensuse.org/repositories/Emulators:/Wine:/Debian/xUbuntu_18.04/ ./'

sudo apt update

If you previously installed the Wine package from another repository, remove it and all the packages dependent on it (for example, wine-mono, wine-gecko, winetricks) before attempting to install WineHQ packages, as they can cause dependency conflicts.

Installing Wine on Ubuntu / Linux mint / Debian / Fedora

If your system is 64-bit, enable the 32-bit architecture (if you haven’t already):

sudo dpkg --add-architecture i386

Add repository key

wget -nc https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/winehq.key

sudo apt-key add winehq.key

Ubuntu 16.04 / Linux Mint 18.x

sudo apt-add-repository 'deb https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/ubuntu/ xenial main'

Ubuntu 18.04 / Linux Mint 19.x

sudo apt-add-repository 'deb https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/ubuntu/ bionic main'

Ubuntu 19.10

sudo apt-add-repository 'deb https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/ubuntu/ eoan main'

Ubuntu 20.04

sudo apt-add-repository 'deb https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/ubuntu/ focal main'

Debian 10 (Buster)

deb https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/debian/ buster main

Debian 9 (Stretch)

deb https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/debian/ stretch main

Install Wine by choosing one of the following versions

Stable version

sudo apt install --install-recommends winehq-stable

Developer Version

sudo apt install --install-recommends winehq-devel

Staging Version

sudo apt install --install-recommends winehq-staging

How to install Wine in Fedora

Add repository

Fedora 31:

dnf config-manager --add-repo https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/fedora/31/winehq.repo

Fedora 32

dnf config-manager --add-repo https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/fedora/30/winehq.repo

Install one of the versions

dnf install winehq-stable
dnf install winehq-devel
dnf install winehq-staging

We check the wine version by typing the command in the terminal

wine --version

wine --version

How to install winetricks

All that remains for us after installing wine is to install winetricks, so that we can install the windows libraries, let’s download it.

wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/Winetricks/winetricks/master/src/winetricks

Add launch rights

chmod + x winetricks

And move to the /usr/bin directory

sudo mv -v winetricks /usr/bin

Run winetricks

winetricks

The program itself will install additional packages such as: wine gecko, etc.

winetricks winetricks

The program itself will install additional packages such as: wine gecko, etc.

winetricks

After installing all the packages, you can install windows applications on your system. Let’s try installing notepad ++ on ubuntu.

I downloaded notepad ++ from the official site, 64bit version

установка notepad++ в ubuntu

To install, double-click on the file

установка notepad++ в ubuntu

You will immediately begin the installation process. Click next and select the options you want.

установка notepad++ в ubuntu

After installation, find notepad in the application menu, and run

install notepad++ on ubuntu install notepad++ on ubuntu

That’s it, Wine is installed. If the article was useful, share it on social networks.

Like this post? Please share to your friends:
5 2 votes
Рейтинг статьи
Subscribe
Notify of
guest
0 Комментарии
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments
Authorisation
*
*
Registration
*
*
*
*
Password generation
0
Would love your thoughts, please comment.x
()
x